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czechbyclick : Home : Traveler Essentials : History

Basic Historical Outline

End of the 5th and
beginning of the
6th century
Arrival of Slavs in present-day Moravia and Slovakia
Second half of the
9th century
Arrival of Christian missionaries
9th century 1306 a gradual strengthening of the Czech state during the reign of the Premyslid dynasty
1346-1378 The peak in the prestige and power of the kingdom of Bohemia during the reign of Charles IV
Beginning of the
 15th century
A crisis of state leads to the Hussite movement
1526 The Habsburg dynasty succeeds to the throne of Bohemia, the formation of a multi-national empire
1620 The defeat of the Bohemian Estates at the Battle of White Mountain, continued centralization of the Habsburg Empire
28.10.1918 Foundation of an independent state of Czechs and Slovaks
15.3.1939 - 9.5.1945 German occupation
February 1948 Communist takeover
August 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact countries brings an end to the "Prague Spring" and the Communist Party's attempt to build "Socialism with a human face"
November 1989 Fall of the Communist regime
1.1. 1993 Czech Republic founded after the split of Czechoslovakia

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